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The number of Street Children in Pakistan is estimated to be between 1.2 Million and 1.5 Million.

The number of Street Children in Pakistan is estimated to be between 1.2 Million and 1.5 Million.

Are they born to that?

Do they deserve this life?

there are more than 10,000 Street Children

in one city in pakistan ALONE.

Do you want change ?
”assist and rescue children”

Street children, is a term for children experiencing homelessness who primarily reside on the streets of a city. Homeless youth are often called street kids and street youth; the definition of street children is contested, but many practitioners and policymakers use concept of boys and girls, aged under eighteen years, for whom “the street” (including unoccupied dwellings and wasteland) has become home and/or their source of livelihood, and who are inadequately protected or supervised.

Some street children, notably in more developed nations, are part of a subcategory called thrown-away children who have been forced to leave home. Thrown-away children are more likely to come from working class and single parent homes. Street children are often subject to abuse, neglect, exploitation, or, in extreme cases, murder by “clean-up squads” that have been hired by local businesses or police. In this society, such children are sometimes treated as homeless children rather than criminals or beggars.

The number of street children in Pakistan is estimated to be between 1.2 million and 1.5 million, meaning that the country has one of the world’s largest street children populations. Past efforts have been initiated by this organization to assist children in need through various programs and rehabilitation centers. Read More

Informative:

The street children Pakistan choose to leave their families and homes for strategic reasons. Three hypotheses have been put forth in an attempt to explain their choices: urban poverty, aberrant families, and urbanization. Evidence can to some degree support all three of these hypotheses. In one study of 10,000 street children living in Faisalabad conducted in 2011, 39.1 percent of street children said they left home because of problems and fights with family, 20.9 percent said they left because of family poverty, and 3.6 percent said that they wanted to see the city.

This study illustrates the trend found by most researchers: most children leave their families to live on the street because of family problems. Family problems include such things as death of a parent, alcoholism of father, strained relationships with stepparents, parent separation, abuse, and family violence. Additionally, street children usually come from female-headed households.

Most children who leave home to live on the streets come from slums or low cost housing, both which are areas of high illiteracy, drug use, and unemployment. Children usually transfer their lives to the streets through a gradual process; they may at first only stay on the street a night or two. Gradually they will spend more time away from home until they do not return.

Once on the streets, children sometimes find that their living conditions and physical and mental health is better than at home; however, this fact speaks to the poor conditions of their homes rather than good conditions in the street. Street conditions are far from child-friendly. Once they leave home, many street children move around often because of the fear that their relatives will find them and force them to return home.

Education:

The education of street children in Pakistan is very poor and often nonexistent. A study of street children in Pakistan found that 53 percent had never been enrolled in school and 60 percent of the children were illiterate.Thirty percent had been to elementary school, while only 10 percent had been to middle or high school. In fact, many children in the 2010 study said that one of the reasons they ran away from home is because they did not want to be forced to work and unable to attend school. Obviously, however, the demands of living alone make it very unlikely that they will be able to obtain education through leaving.

Work:

As street children must provide for themselves, work is a very important aspect of their lives Unfortunately, working conditions for street children are often very poor because they are confined to working in the informal sector, which is unregulated by the government. In Pakistan 2, 50,000 children are illegally employed by 11,750 hotels, restaurants, canteens, tea shops, and eating places. Because of street children’s lack of protection from a family and the law, employers often exploit them, making them virtual prisoners, sometimes withholding pay, and abusing them. Employers that would not mistreat the children often will not hire them because they are seen as too great of a risk. Street children, especially the older children, are also sometimes engaged in activities such as stealing, pick-pocketing, drug-peddling, and prostitution, though this is a small proportion. Most of the street children work 8–10 hours total each day in their various economic activities.

Earning:

The earnings of street children fluctuate greatly, but they usually only make enough for subsistence. Most street children in Pakistan earn between 200 ($2.00 to $8.00 ) and 830 rupees a month, with older children making more than younger children. Self-employed children also typically make more than children who are employed under an employer. The largest expense in a street child’s budget is food, which often costs 60 to 100 rupees a day. In order to cut down on food expenses, many children drink tea to dull hunger.

Spending:

The money street children earn that is not spent on food is usually quickly spent on other things because older children and police frequently steal their money. This lack of ability to save causes severe financial insecurity. While children occasionally send some of their earnings home to their families, they spend most of their extra money on entertainment. Many street children spend 300 rupees a month on movies, though older children also use their money to buy cigarettes, chewing tobacco, alcohol, and drugs. Street children often spend very little on clothing because their employers often provide clothes for work or their families occasionally give them clothes if they know where they are living.

Health and nutrition:

Street children in Pakistan face additional vulnerability because of their lack of access to nutritious food, sanitation, and medical care. Street children lack access to nutritious food because many are dependent on leftovers from small restaurants or hotels, food stalls, or garbage bins. In a study of street children 62.5 percent of the children obtained food from hotels.

Lack of sanitation in bathing, toilets, and water also contributes to poor health. In the same study of street children 29.6 percent of children reported bathing in the sea and 11.5 percent reported bathing in pipes, wells, or canals. Street children also lack restroom facilities, demonstrated by the fact that 26.4 percent of the children used the roadside or railwayline for their toilet. For water, the children reported asking restaurants or hotels for water (69.1 percent) or using pipes and water taps (15.6 percent).

Most of the street children in India also lack access to medical care, which is especially detrimental during times of illness or injury. The study of street children found that 34.9 percent had an injury and 18.9 percent had a fever in the past three months. Only about a third of the children received any help with their illness or injury, though some were able to receive help at a government clinic.

Other studies have found that many illnesses are very prevalent among street children. A study conducted in 2012 on the street children found that six in every 554 street children from ages five to fourteen are HIV positive. In Faisalabad, 98 percent of children are estimated to have dental caries. Additionally, most street children do not have winter clothing, leaving them more vulnerable to illness during the winter.

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