Information

Data on Street Children …

Children-at-risk: Facts and Figures:
• UNICEF estimates that 100 million children are growing up on urban streets around the world, but in a recent report conceded: “The exact number of street children is impossible to quantify.”
• In Kenya, young people often beg, carry luggage, or clean business premises and vehicles to survive. A 15-year-old orphan who had been living on the streets for four years said that collecting garbage, and helping load and unload market goods, earned him up to 80 KSH (US $1) a day.
• There are an estimated 10–12,000 homeless children in South Africa. Children find their way on to the streets because of poverty, overcrowding, abuse, neglect, family disintegration and HIV/AIDS.
• 95% of street children in Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria, have been stigmatised as “witches” by pastors and abandoned to live on the streets by their parents.
• UNICEF’s estimate of 11 million street children in India is considered to be a conservative figure.
• A study in 2007 in India found that 66% of street children lived with their families on the streets. Of these children, 52% slept on the footpaths, 17% slept in night shelters, and 31% slept in other places including under flyovers and bridges, railway platforms, bus stops, parks, market places.
• Of an estimated 400,000 street children in Bangladesh, nearly 10% have been forced into prostitution for survival.
• In Indonesia it is estimated that there are 170,000 street children.
• A study in Peru found that more than half of the children living on the streets had abandoned schooling several months before leaving home.
• A report in Bolivia found that 80% of street children in Bolivia inhale “clefa” (glue).
• In 2008-2009 a child was abandoned in Guatemala City every four days. Most were babies.
• In Brazil, 4,611 street children were murdered from 1988-1990. From 1993-1996 juvenile court statistics showed over 3,000 11 to 17 year olds met with violent deaths in Rio. The majority were believed to have been murdered by death squads, the police or other types of gangs. Death squads in Brazil can earn up to $50 for killing a street child.
• The number of street children in Pakistan is estimated to be between 1.2 million and 1.5 million, meaning that the country has one of the world’s largest street children populations. Although, this number remains anecdotal since it was cited over 10 years ago. There has been no head-count or a mapping study of street children in Pakistan except in Karachi;, which were also limited to certain geographical areas. These studies show that the numbers maybe much higher now after the increasing poverty, people’s displacement after the natural disasters and war on terrorism in Pakistan.
• It is estimated that there are over 118,000 boys living and/or working on streets just in Karachi.[39] Past efforts have been initiated by UNICEF and other NGOs to assist children in need through various programs and rehabilitation centers;, however, the situation remains as a prominent socio-economic issue in Pakistan in the 21st century.
Statistics sourced from:

The Consortium for Street Children

The 2006 State of the World’s Children report : Excluded and Invisible

Asia Child Rights

Azad Foundation